Citation Guides

MacEwan Library has prepared the following resources to help with citing sources. Be sure to check with your instructor to find out which citation style you should use.

APA Style (American Psychological Association)

See also: APA Style Blog – Answers to FAQ’s

MLA Style (Modern Languages Association)

See also: MLA Style Center – Answers to FAQ’s

Chicago Style

At MacEwan, Chicago Notes-Bibliography Style is typically used in Humanities classes (e.g. Classics, History, Philosophy) while Author-Date Style is used in Music. Be sure to verify with your instructor which style to use.

See also: Chicago Manual of Style Online – Additional information & examples

ASA Style (American Sociological Association)

Additional Resources

Generative AI Tools (ChatGPT, DALLE, etc.)

Students should refer to their Course Outline/Syllabus and talk to their instructor because courses will differ in terms of what uses are permitted or not permitted, as well as how to acknowledge AI tools.

Below are links to current Style Guide information for citing/attribution. Please note these initial guidelines may change.


MLA Generative AI, such as ChatGPT, DALLE, etc.

Chicago ChatGPT

Chicago DALLE

Find a DOI

Use CrossRef’s DOI Lookup tool if you are not sure if a source has a digital object identifier (DOI) to include in a citation. Note that older sources and non-electronic sources do not typically have DOIs.

Reference Managers

Reference managers are applications that help you manage references and generate citations and bibliographies. Options include:

* The MacEwan Library offers support and training materials for using Zotero.